Every client that I work with has his or her own unique problems, but they all have one thing in common.
Can you guess what it is?
Regardless of industry, size, or even the person’s position within the company, everyone uses email.
Despite the rise of social media, forums, and mobile chat apps, email remains one of the most popular forms of communication in the world.
According to a 2017 study from Radicati, there are over 3.7 billion email users worldwide, and that number is steadily rising.
If you think that statistic is high, you’ll want to sit down before I tell you the volume of emails being sent.
We’re sending and receiving 269 billion emails every day. It seems impossible to stick out in this crowd.
Yet email remains one of the most effective channels of marketing, with a median ROI that’s nearly 5x that of other channels like social media, direct mail, and paid search.
Adobe even found that half of all consumers prefer being contacted by brands via email over social media and direct mail.
Email newsletters specifically have the highest reported positive experience by consumers in a recent survey.
Of course, knowing email is effective and writing an effective email don’t necessarily go hand-in-hand.
If you send the wrong emails, you’ll end up losing customers. In fact, 66% of people unsubscribe from emails because they’re not aligned with their interests.
You need great emails to keep your customers happy.
That’s the problem I’m going to alleviate for you today.
You know all the reasons why you should be using email, but we’re going to dive into the nitty-gritty details of how to actually write these emails.
The first step is to segment our email lists so we can target our emails to the right audiences.
Segmenting the right audiences
We know email is effective, but we don’t have time to personally email each and every customer on our lists. Each email needs to feel personal, though.
When your customers are properly segmented, it’s easier to send emails that feel more personalized.
Messages will be based on your target customers’ interactions with your company and website. As a result, they won’t feel generic, sporadic, or irrelevant.
A recent survey by Ascend2 found that 51% of marketers consider email list segmentation to be the most effective personalization tactic.
Did a customer recently make a purchase from you?
A thank-you email explaining the benefits of the purchase can help you keep your brand front-and-center in that customer’s mind.
Perhaps a prospective customer abandoned his or her shopping cart before taking the next step and purchasing a product. Consider sending a discount code to entice that person back.
MailChimp recently measured 11,000 segmented campaigns against non-segmented campaigns from the same customers. It found that the segmented campaigns outperformed their non-segmented counterparts across every metric.
So what are some ways to segment your customer lists?
Basic demographics like age, sex, and location are a great place to start. They’re not always enough, but they’ll help you get started.
You’re likely going to speak differently to a retired veteran than you would to a teenager or recent college grad. Also, men and women may respond differently to the language you use in email marketing.
Of course, this type of personal information may not be available. It’s also not the most effective way to segment audiences.
Marketing automation platform MailChimp offers a variety of popular audience segmentation options based on engagement, behavior, and other criteria that you might find useful.
These behavioral triggers are actually much more likely to predict a customer’s response anyway. Recommended purchases, for example, work regardless of age, sex, or location.
Behaviors like buying, canceling, subscribing, and cart abandonment can be easily addressed with personalized emails.
Ideally, you’ll send the right message to the right consumer at the right time. It sounds impossible, but modern marketing technology makes it not only accessible, but also automated.
Behavior triggers stand out as one of the most effective innovation opportunities for markers. In 2017 and beyond, marketers can analyze behavior triggers among their audiences to find strategies that really work.
If you can set up an email marketing strategy that actually makes consumers eager to open your emails, you stand to enjoy much greater conversion rates.
As mentioned above, behavior segmentation also makes it easier to automate emails.
Marketing automation is an important part of the sales cycle, and you’re essentially leaving money on the table by not employing it.
Don’t miss out on this opportunity!
Charity: Water, for example, has a great email automation campaign that tracks the progress of your donation to the organization.
When we donate money, we rarely get to see how the money is being spent. In fact, it’s one of the key barriers that nonprofits face when attempting to raise funds.
Automated emails that provide useful data provide personalized transparency to the process. Consumers feel like they understand their role in the equation.
Here’s a chart showing how automated emails fit into your sales cycle.
Now we have our customer lists segmented into the right groups, and it’s time to craft the right emails for each group.
To do that, we need to decide what our goal for each segment is and work backward from there.
Build backward from the goal
It’s important to have a goal for your email campaign. Otherwise, you’re just firing off emails and hoping to resonate with your audience.
Not a good strategy.
There are only four basic types of emails you can write:
- Narrative: Tell a compelling story.
- Descriptive: Illustrate your product or service with words.
- Expository: Teach your audience how to do something.
- Persuasive: Convince readers to take action.
Each type will have a different tone and goal.
Let’s say your goal is to persuade customers to complete a post-purchase survey about their experience.
There needs to be a clear CTA, preferably graphic, that entices users to click. That should be the focus of a short email that concisely explains the benefit of taking the survey.
Here’s an example of a persuasive email from Wayfair.
On the other hand, an expository email provides all the facts necessary for a customer to understand a topic.
These are typically newsletters, but not always.
In the case of this GrubHub email, the goal is an order confirmation displaying all the relevant information about your order.
Descriptive emails are typically announcements for new products. They allow you to generate buzz (and hopefully a few sales). Here’s a descriptive menu from Cook Smarts.
Plus, descriptive emails give you a chance to show your passion for your products. Here’s a descriptive menu from Cook Smarts.
And finally, we have the narrative email, which allows you to tell your brand story. Here, Poncho turns an ordinary weather report into a narrative infographic.
Right now we’re going to try an exercise. Think of all the different types of emails you may send to your customers based on their behaviors and other events.
The next step is to decide the goal for each of these behaviors. What do you want the customer to do?
You typically want a click-through to your website. You can also use a CTA to ask for a purchase or to deliver relevant content. Here are the most common email goals.
Creating these templates in advance keeps customers feeling personally connected to your business while you save time and resources.
2 clever email campaigns
These companies are doing things right when it comes to email marketing and communication with customers and clients.
If you follow the spirit of these examples, you’ll be in great shape to get started with your own epic emails.
Uber’s email automation is truly amazing. As soon as your trip is over, you receive an email confirmation with a detailed summary of the transaction.
Uber also does a great job of keeping the brand consistent throughout its email communications.
While internal corporate emails are often cold and stale, customer-facing emails should have personality and flair.
Check out this calendar sync email from Uber.
This ride-sharing app company really gets it.
You know who else gets it?
I love Dropbox. The cloud-data company always keeps its communications short, sweet, and to the point.
For instance, it uses behavioral triggers, such as inactivity, to trigger reminder emails.
Check it out for yourself.
Every communication from Dropbox has a solid theme, includes a clear CTA to click through to the Dropbox website, and even injects some personality into the copy.
If you can accomplish all this in such a short space, you can conquer email like Dropbox.
This one is probably the most-seen Dropbox template.
This is also a good time to mention that you must include an unsubscribe link in every email you send. It’s just good customer service.
Speaking of good customer service, email customer service goes a long way toward strengthening your brand.
I know what you’re thinking: “But, Neil, you haven’t actually shown us how to write these emails!”
Have no fear. That’s exactly what I’m going to do right now.
5 steps to write the perfect email
Now you know why you should be emailing your customers. You’re also familiar with the different types of emails you might send.
What we need to do is nail down a replicable process for writing them.
Of course, you must start with a list of subscribers. Collect email addresses from your fans and followers so you’re communicating with as many people as possible.
Once you have a list, you can write emails that respond to the behavioral triggers I talked about above.
Here’s where to start.
1. Use a compelling subject line.subject line is that chance for emails.
The subject line determines whether or not your email is ever read. A recent survey found that 33% of email recipients open an email based on the subject line alone.
You have to nail that first impression if you want your copy to get read.
The email marketing specialists at Constant Contact have seen thousands of effective emails. The company offers a few tips for subject lines (along with great examples of winning formulas).
It’s important to keep the subject short and snappy. Many email programs cut off long subject lines, which means your subscribers won’t see the whole thing. Above, there’s an example with just a simple acronym from Bisque Imports.
Everyone knows what TGIF means, so it works. However, you can also use other types of language to get your emails read.
A teaser or announcement can provide a great way to entice people to click through and read. People love a mystery or an opportunity, so they’re more likely to check out the email’s body if the subject line arouses their interest.
Check out this example from FluentCity announcing the winners of a recent contest.
Whatever you do, avoid spammy language like “Buy Now.”
You don’t need to be overly promotional. Focus on being informative and entertaining.
In fact, entertaining and/or funny subject lines are a great way to increase the chances of an email being opened.
Check out this gem of a subject line from The Basketry.
Nice pun, right?
Once you have the right subject, it’s time to move on to the content of the email body.
2. Keep it short and friendly.
The worst mistake you can make with an email is trying to cram too much information into an email. The document ends up being too long.
Sure, people need to know relevant information, but you can spread out the information over several emails.
Alternatively, you can link to pages on your website so the reader can seek out more details if he or she wants.
Whatever the case, don’t waste your subscribers’ time. That’s the fastest way to the “unsubscribe” button.
A simple teaser with a link to your website is all that’s needed.
Check out this simple example from Postmates, which invites customers to click through for a limited-time offer of lattes on demand.
The company doesn’t waste any time getting to the point. There’s a brief, three-word greeting, and then the company immediately jumps into the point of the offer.
After we get a description of the offer, we’re immediately given a CTA button to click through and take advantage of the offer.
This short, sweet, and to-the-point approach is how every email should be treated. We only spend 15-20 seconds reading an email, so it shouldn’t resemble a novel.
There’s a lot of information to fit in such a small space, though, so how do we decide what to cut and what to keep?
Let’s explore that.
3. Add relevant information and calls to action.
Journalists are required to find out the who, what, when, where, why, and how of a story before publishing. That’s a standard we’re going to set for our emails.
Each email we send needs to answer these vital questions.
Say we have a weekend sale coming up.
The sale is the what, our store location is the where, our business is the who, the holiday is when, special pricing is why, and showing up is how it’s done.
Without this information, your recipients will be lost.
It’s also vital to have a CTA button, which Hubspot has a simple process to add. Otherwise, how can your customers take action?
These animated buttons offer great ways to entice clicks, but before using these advanced techniques, make sure your customers can view them on mobile devices.
Nearly half of emails are checked on mobile devices.
It’s a shame to spend time crafting a brief, compelling email only to experience limited engagement because of mobile incompatibility.
Don’t become that marketer.
Now we need to make sure each customer feels individually connected to your business.
4. Personalize each email and use the second-person point of view.
Nobody wants to feel like they’re just another faceless number.
It’s important to greet each individual using personal language, which becomes an easy feat to accomplish with email template programs.
You also need to write emails in the second person. Focusing on “you” opens a conversation in which the recipient feels important.
Check out this email from The Skimm, which does a great job of using the second person in a personalized email
This email makes it clear that the recipient is the center of attention. We all like to feel special, and this is how it’s done.
Now that we have the email together, there’s just one last thing to do.
5. Proofread and check your grammar multiple times.
There’s no worse feeling than spending hours designing the perfect email template, sending it out to your contact list, and finding a glaring typographical error.
Typos are the worst, and with emails, they can constitute a sign of spam. It looks unprofessional and may even get your email blocked by spam filters.
Take the time to perform at least two rounds of edits to check for these typos and to make sure everything is polished before you send an email out to your customers.
Now that everything’s grammatically correct, we can finally send our email out and reap the benefits.
Email is one of the most widely-used forms of communication in the modern world. More people use email than social media, chat programs, and forums.
In other words, it’s the perfect chance to connect with your audience. But only if you follow best practices and get creative.
Sending email newsletters and emails based on triggered actions can increase conversions, build trust, and lead to a healthy ROI.
By creating targeted email templates based on behaviors may be the most important change you make to your digital marketing efforts.
Have you found success using email?